10 Hell-Hole Phenomena That Happen on Planet Earth

In the last few decades news has been rife about the phenomenon of the emergence of holes in various parts of the world. Unusual and happening holes suddenly devour everything above them, this hole is like a gate to the underworld "Underworld", people call it a hell hole or a gate to hell. Abroad, this phenomenon is called a sinkhole, a phenomenon of soil collapse caused by karst processes such as the dissolution of carbonate rocks in the soil. This rock is easily eroded by groundwater, causing the soil layer to collapse above it.

Here are some lists of 10 sinkhole hole phenomena in various locations in the world.

1 | Blue Hole di Dahab, Mesir

blue hole

The Blue Hole is a giant hole located on the shore of the red sea, Dahab, Egypt east of Sinai. Blue holes have depths of up to 100 meters. This hole is a favorite place for divers because it is very close to the beach and has a calm current. But on the other hand, this place became a mass grave of divers who lost and died mysteriously. 130 divers have become victims, even drivers who have been professional have not moved. According to surrounding legends, it is said that there used to be a girl who killed herself by drowning herself in this blue hole. This girl committed suicide to escape from a marriage she did not want and finally believed to be a ghost guarding the Blue Hole.


2 | Boesmansgat

boesmansgat

Boesmansgat or also known as Bushman's Hole is a cave that is submerged in fresh water in the Northern Cape, South Africa. This cave protrudes into a vertical tunnel as deep as 282.6 m. The depth of the hole attracts divers who want to try diving to the deepest depths. The first time was dived by Mike Rathbourne in 1977, followed by Nuno Gomez who managed to dive up to 1500 meters, he also got stuck in the mud at the base for 2 minutes before finally being able to escape. Besides that this hole also claimed the lives of divers, including Eben Leyden in 1993 at a depth of 60 m, Deon Dreyer in 1994 at a depth of 50 m, and David Shaw in 2005 who died trying to remove Deon Dreyer's body in a depth of 275 m. Allegedly the great pressure and dark conditions were the main cause of the death of the divers.

3 | Kashiba Lake

Kashiba

Lake Kashiba is a small but very deep lake located in the village of Ndola, Zambia. The width of the lake is only 3.5 hectares with a depth of up to 100 meters. The water in this lake is so clear that sometimes freshwater fish or golden fish are clearly visible. This lake is found in limestone and is formed due to erosion by groundwater which causes the rock to collapse and form a basin and then filled with water. There is a myth that develops in the community around the lake that warns anyone not to eat fish from Lake Kashiba because even if it is burned a day and a night it will never ripen. In addition, they also believe in the existence of the monster Ichitapa or lsoka, the first inhabitants of the lake. These monsters prey on those who are on the edge of the lake by eating the victim's shadow in the water so that the victim will lose balance and fall.

4 | Bimmah Sinkhole

bimmah

If the previous holes were dangerous and deadly, this one became a favorite tourist destination. Bimmah sinkhole or in the local language called Hawaiyat Najm is indeed one of the most beautiful sinkholes in the world. Located in the east of Muscat Governorate, Oman, this hole offers exotic views with clear turquoise green waters like on the beach. With a depth of 20 m and a width of about 60 meters, this hole has been facilitated by stairs leading down and the garden around it. Like others, this sinkhole is also formed due to limestone erosion which causes the soil to collapse. Even so, the surrounding community believes that this hole is formed by falling stars, aka meteors.

5 | Baatara Gorge

Baatara gorge

Baatara Gorge is also called Balaa Gorge Waterfall because this hole is decorated by a waterfall that plunges up to 255 meters towards the base of the Baatara Pothole a limestone cave. Baatara Gorge is located in Tannourine, Lebanon near the village of Balaa. This waterfall is clearly visible in March and April when the snow on Mount Lebanon melts. Its beauty is no doubt with green vegetation on the cliffs and 3 levels of natural bridges that hang over the cliff. This area is also very popular with rock climbers, no wonder many people hang along the edge of the hill. Baatara Gorge was first discovered in 1952 by French bio-speleologist Henri Coiffait and the cave and waterfall were mapped totally by the Spéléo club du Liban in 1980.

6 | Dragon Hole

Dragon Hole

This one is the deepest Blue Hole on planet Earth. Located on Paracel Island, South China Sea, Dragon Hole has a distance from the surface to the base as high as 300.89 meters. The name Dragon Hole itself was inspired by the Legend of Kera Sakti where at that time Sun Go Kong got a magic stick from the underwater kingdom led by stealth dragon. The local government has also given the official name of Sansha Yongle Blue Hole and will preserve the natural heritage of this earth. In addition, 20 species of fish were also found at a depth of 100 m. They use robots to explore conditions in the hole area called Yongle. There are no drivers who dare to enter because of the lack of oxygen and the potential for dangerous sulfur content.

7 | Hranice Abyss

Hranice Abyss

The Czech Republic is one of the deepest underwater caves known on earth. Last observed on September 27, 2016, the depth was 473 m or 404 m below the water surface. Starnawski, one of the divers, the leader of the expedition said the robot had not touched the base. As published on theguardian page, the Czech Speleological community believes its depth can be more than that "The robot has dived as deep as possible, but the bottom is still not visible," said one member of the community. Mud and cold temperatures reaching 15 degrees Celsius prevent divers from exploring further to the bottom of the cave, besides that the mineral composition at that level can damage the skin and equipment. Hranice Abyss is created by the collapse of cave roofs which are eaten by carbonated water in limestone.

8 | Iceland Sinkhole

Iceland Sinkhole

A Sinkhole in Iceland that specifically opens access to the Jokulsa River 150 feet (45 meters) below the surface. This hole is an inverted funnel and is located inside the glacier. Uniquely this hole happened not because of limestone soil collapsed but an explosion caused by hot steam produced by geothermal ventilation located below it. Geothermal ventilation is caused by the accumulation of heat energy in a geothermal gradient, which is the temperature difference between the earth's core and its surface. This ice sheet continues to melt so that it automatically fills the Jokulsa river flow which is the second longest river in Iceland. Then, this river was also used as a favorite destination for kayaking players and raft sports. The photo above is Kayaker Mick Coyne who is heading upstream through the Iceland Sinkhole.

9 | Ladybower Reservoir

Ladybower Reservoir

Ladybower Reservoir, which means the Ladybower Reservoir has beautiful holes that suck millions of gallons of water per minute. This hole is not entirely made in nature but the work of humans. The function of this hole is to drain the dam's water to maintain water level and water pressure especially during the rainy season. Ladybower's hole can be found in the Derwent valley in Derbyshire, England. Richard Baillie and Sons built it in 1943 to compensate for the water held by two dams of the Ashop River and the Derwent River. The public called it Plughole, one of the 2 closed bellmouths in England. This plughole has an outer diameter of 80 feet (24 m) and is basically connected to the Derwent river and local flow. Because it is shaped like a resident's surrounding flowers call it a "morning glory spillway" this structure in Islam can drain water more maximally and quickly.

10 | Guatemala Sinkhole

Guatemala City Sinkhole

If previously a hole occurred in the wild far from residential areas, this one hole was just the opposite. The hole in Guatemala, precisely in zone 2, occurred suddenly on May 30, 2010. The land collapsed instantly and devoured a 3-story industrial building, electric poles, and security guards inside. An estimated 15 people died in this accident. According to scientists, the hole had undermined the soil for several weeks before finally collapsing due to flooding from tropical storm Agatha. But there is no definitive explanation for the mechanism of the occurrence of Guatemala Sinkhole. As published in nationalgeorgraphic, Sinkhole is about 60 feet (18 meters) wide and about 30 floors deep, said James Currens, a hydrogeologist at the University of Kentucky. Previously there had also been a similar hole in Guatemala in 2007 with a depth of up to 100 m.

website for you who want to explore the world http://en.misterifaktadanfenomena.com and this 

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