11 Most Deadliest Volcano in Indonesia

Indonesia, a beautiful country with rich natural resources and traditions. Unexpectedly, beneath the surface, there are bombs that are ready to destroy everything. What is that? its a series of active volcanoes that spread across Sabang to Merauke. The geographical location of Indonesia which is passed by the ring of fire (the path of magma from the cracks of the meeting of the earth's plates) we forced to be aware of the eruption that can occur at any time. For that, we must know which mountains still active and has potential strength of the explosion. Next, here's a list of the deadliest mountains in Indonesia you should know.

1. Agung Mountain

mount agung

The mountain which is still hotly discussed in 2017 turns out to be one of the most dangerous mountains in Indonesia. The mountain is very sanctified by the Balinese, therefore it is named "Mount Agung". They also often refer to Mount Agung as the navel of the Earth. If see from its history, Mount Agung had experienced a great eruption in 1963 to 1964. Within a year the majestic mountain continued to spout material from the bowels of the Earth. Counted about 1000 people were killed, villages, agricultural land around the slopes were destroyed and razed to the ground, but strangely Besakih Temple was still sturdy untouched by volcanic material. That said, this eruption is considered as sacred eruption associated with Hindu beliefs. So powerful, the eruption was included in level 5 on the scale of the volcanic explosion (VEI).

2 | Sinabung

mount sinabung

Mount Sinabung made a surprise in 2010 because it erupted again after sleeping for 410 years. The mountain, located in Tanah Karo, North Sumatra is once again included in the list of the most threatening mountains in Indonesia. A sporadic eruption occurred in 2014 destroy lives of 16 people while in May 2016 7 people killed and another deadly eruption since 2013. Until now this mountain is still under serious supervision of PVMBG.  As a result of unrelenting mountain activity, soil damage and long-term crop quality.

3 | Papandayan

papandayan mountain

Mount Papandayan is a stratotype volcano located in Garut Regency, West Java. It has been recorded as having the history of the most severe eruption that occurred in 1772, a volcanic meter that spewed out wiped out 40 villages and about 3000 people killed. This eruption was included in VEI 3 to split the mountain into 2 peaks, due to the collapse of the land on the northeast side. Peak 1 is named Papandayan and Peak 2 is named Puntang. However, the activity of this mountain is relatively decreased, marked by mild eruptions in recent times.

4 | Kelud


Do you remember the eruption of Mount Kelud in 2014? Maybe if you are on the island of Java had felt the effects of this eruption. The eruption in 2014 was indeed unexpected because it happened at night. Explosions and rumbles suddenly rang out and unexpectedly the ash material was thrown as high as 17 kilometers. The wind carried to the west to cover the area of Yogyakarta, which is 300 kilometers away. Even light ash rain was also felt in West Java and Jakarta. As if this mountain shows its power again after a devastating eruption in 1586 that killed 10000 people, it is estimated that the eruption is included in the VEI level 4. Besides dust, lava and mudflow are noteworthy threats.

5 |  Awu

mount awu

Mount Awu is a mountain located in Sangir Talaud Regency, Sangir Big Island, North Sulawesi Province. Based on its history, Mount Awu has a long period of rest, but if it erupts, it always produces a dangerous large eruption and a potential tsunami. Mount Awu has eruptive characteristics in the form of explosive magmatic, effusive magmatic, and phreatic levels. The largest eruption ever recorded occurred in 1812 with a VEI 4 magnitude that swallowed 963 victims, whereas in the previous year the eruption only had a VEI 3 magnitude but it claimed many lives. Like the eruption in 1856 which resulted in an eruption that triggered a tsunami as results 2806 victims, and 1892 which took 1532 lives.

6 | Galunggung


This mountain is also terrible, the mountain which is located in Tasikmalaya, West Java has a gloomy record on the record of its first explosion in 1822. Its strength is included in VEI 5, as a result, eruption material soared up to 24 kilometers high. Flattened 144 surrounding villages and 4011 people were killed. Galunggung erupted 4 times since the last time in 1982 when it was a very terrible explosion accompanied by a flash of crazy lightning. Several aircraft flights were disrupted, such as a British Airways plane that experienced engine failure and also Singapore Airlines which experienced the same thing but the plane could land safely.

7 | Merapi


Besides being famous for its mystery stories, Merapi volcano has been named as the most active volcano in the world. This mountain, located on the border of Yogyakarta, erupted in 1930, where at that time the death toll was around 1369. Besides that, a larger eruption at the VEI level 4 occurred in 2010. This eruption made 353 people lost their lives and at the same time burned the caretaker famously, Mbah Marijan who was found face down tragically. Another reason that this mountain is deadly is a large number of people who live close to it. As the city of Yogyakarta with a population of 3.5 million, it will very horror if there is a more devastating eruption.

8 | Krakatoa


Everyone may be familiar with this mountain, this is because this mountain has been filmed in the story of the seconds of the deadly eruption that occurred in 1883 ago. The mountain that looks beautiful on the beach, is not as beautiful as its history. Because of its geographical location which is blanketed by the ocean makes its eruption on August 27, 1883, more deadly. Earthquakes and landslides triggered a massive tsunami that killed 40000 people. Not just that, the sound of the explosion could even be heard up to India and Australia. World weather patterns are also affected, global temperatures drop by 1.2 degrees Celsius because ash envelops the atmosphere. Everything happened for so long that it returned to normal in 1888. Behind it all the threats re-emerged, volcanic mounds reemerged in the same location. The mountain is named after Krakatau until now it continues to grow and is increasing activity.

9 | Tambora


Mount Tambora is an active Strato mountain located on the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia. A very wide and gaping crater is a silent witness to the awesomeness of the 1815 eruption, certainly bigger than the eruption of Mount Krakatau. The unmitigated eruption reached level 7 VEI which means very very strong. The Tambora eruption became one of the deadliest eruptions in world history. 71,000 people have been recorded as victims of their ferocity. However, this number can be even higher if death is not directly included, such as hunger and disease. Global weather is also affected by this eruption, this known as "Year Without a Summer" in 1816.

10 | Toba

gunung toba

This is a trace history of the deadliest eruption on planet Earth. A beautiful lake with Samosir Island in the middle. Toba Supervolcano erupted around 75,000 years ago. The eruption was in the form of a mega-colossal explosion with the power of VEI 8 and became the biggest explosion since 25 million years. About 700 cubic meters of magma was ejected from the bowels of the earth, far from Krakatoa which was only 3 cubic meters in 1883. This eruption almost triggered the extinction of Earth species, but human ancestors in East Africa are not expected to be significantly affected, so some Earth species can still be affected developed until now. According to Scientists, the Toba Caldera is still active and could potentially erupt, but it won't happen in the next few thousand years.

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