Mysteries and Facts of the King Arthur Legend

King Arthur

According to legend, King Arthur was born around the fifth century AD. Then he becomes a figure who attracted international attention through the fantastic and imaginative popularity of Geoffrey of Monmouth in the 12th century Historia Regum Britanniae (History of the Kings of England). In the fourth and fifth centuries, racial groups moved from Western Europe and destroyed the integrity of the Roman Empire. The first attack was led by Saxon and began before the end of the third century. They received support from Ireland and Scotland at the time. Ambrosius Aurelianus was the leader of Roman Britain in the 460s. He surrounded Vortiegern, ruler of Saxon. Later, Ambrosius died and Uther Pendragon became King of England.

It is said that the great wizard Merlin disguised Uther Pendragon, one of the great British warriors, looks like Duke of Tintagel, Ingraine's husband from Cornwall. Uther teases Ingrained at Tintagel's cabin, but the child they think is given at birth. He was given the name Arthur and grew up completely unaware of his special bloodline. When Uther died, the throne was empty.

The British people want Arthur to be crowned king of England. At that time he was just a young man aged 15 years, but he was loved by almost everyone. And then, Merlin placed a sword called Excalibur on the stone and declared that only someone who had truly royal descent could deprive the Excalibur of its position. When young Arthur was the only one who could do this, then he was crowned king. Eleven other British rulers rebelled against the young leader, but Arthur called off their rebellion and began a noble and noble government.

Arthur married Guinevere and built a group of brave and honest knights in a royal seat in Camelot, in the Vale of Avalon. To avoid a sense of preference among knights, Guinevere's father gave Arthur a dashing round table. Together they won many victories over the Saxon invaders and the Roman Empire. Arthur was even said to have become his own Emperor and began searching for the Holy Grail.

However, during this time one of Arthur's most trusted knights, Lancelot, had an affair with Guinevere. Because he felt he had been betrayed, he punished Guinevere by being burned at the stake but Launcelot rescued him and killed several knights and thus the friendship between the knights at the round table was broken. The two lovers finally fled to Lancelot's home in Brittany, France.

Arthur decides to follow and fight against his former friend, leaving his nephew Mordred as a British guard. While he fought across the English Channel, Mordred rebelled, so Arthur was forced to return home. A fierce battle took place on the Salisbury Plain. Arthur managed to kill Mordred, but the king himself was also seriously injured. On the brink of death, he returned to Avalon. It is said that he threw Excalibur into the royal lake and then he himself disappeared into a cave and promised to return if he ever threatened England. The name 'Arthur' appears in the ninth century Nennius's Historia Brittonum. But only in the 12th century did Arthur's phenomenon as a historical icon really influence. William of Malmesbury and Geoffrey of Monmouth produced work that sowed the seeds of our modern understanding of the legend of Athalli. Unfortunately, their work also includes many fictional details, which then obscure the true reality of Arthur's reign.

There is other evidence for its place in historical facts. Many people believe that Glastonbury in Somerset is the actual Camelot site, and in the 12th century it was claimed that Arthur's grave had been found there. Likewise, the Isles of Scilly is said to host the remnants of the great kingdom.

The historical basis of the King Arthur legend has long been debated by scientists. One school of thought, citing entries in the History of the Brittonum (History of the British) and Annales Cambriae (History of the Welsh), considers Arthur as an authentic historical figure, the Romano-British leader who fought against the Anglo-Saxons who attacked at some time in the late 5 to early 6th century. Historia Brittonum, a compilation of Latin history in the 9th century associated with some final manuscripts to a Welsh cleric named Nennius, contains data mentioning King Arthur for the first time, which lists the twelve battles Arthur had fought for. This led to the Battle of Mons Badonicus, or Mount Badon, where he was said to have killed 960 men. However, recent research questions the reliability of Brittonum Historia.


In July 1998, archaeologists discovered a plate marked in Latin with the name 'Artagnov' or 'Arthnou' on a rocky hilltop in Tintagel, Cornwall. The slab dates back to the sixth century and proves that the name is in the legendary Arthurian land at the right time, and is owned by someone who is standing tall. Like many historical mysteries, the damage to the truth caused by the passage of time is slowly being repaired by science and the application of modern interests.

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